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Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease is an umbrella term that includes all heart and circulatory diseases, such as angina, coronary heart disease, heart attack, congenital heart disease, hypertension, stroke and vascular dementia. Other types of cardiovascular disease include heart valve disease and cardiomyopathy.

CausesThere are many genetic and lifestyle-based risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. The more risk factors you have, the higher your risk of developing cardiovascular disease. However, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk and help protect your heart.

Risk factors include:

  • Smoking
  • Alcohol consumption
  • High blood pressure
  • High blood cholesterol
  • Low physical activity
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Family history of heart disease
  • Ethnicity
  • Gender (men are more likely to develop CVD at an earlier age than women)
  • Age (the risk for CVD increases with age)
  • Stress